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If that balance is destroyed, then the entire water system is affected and will, over time, be felt right up to the watersheds.Pakistan is dependent on a single river system and we cannot afford to take any more chances with the water/sediment/salt balance of the Indus Basin.We cannot solve a very complex geographical, hydrological, economic and environmental problem through politicking.The discussion on water distribution, therefore, should be in relation to uses and users, not among political or administrative units.Large tracts of land have been rendered uncultivable due to water logging and salinity, direct results of mismanaged irrigation.Unsafe drinking water is responsible for numerous diseases including dysentery, diarrhea, typhoid, cholera, malaria and gastroenteritis.Our mangrove forests, previously some of the largest in the world, have been reduced from 0.6 million acres to 0.25 million acres, said Simi Kamal and Jairath at the Asia Pacific Regional Consultation in Dhaka.The mix of sweet and sea water maintains a very critical balance in the coastlines.
We have already used up everything that exists in our water cycle and we do not have additional sources of water to mobilize.
Pakistan has the largest contiguous irrigation system in the world.
However, owing to the poor state of infrastructure, about two-thirds is lost due to poor transmission and seepage.
UNICEF estimates that 200,000 children in Pakistan die annually due to diarrhoeal diseases alone.
The Indus delta has been reduced to one partially active creek and there is no water flowing downstream of the Kotri Barrage for almost the entire year.There is likely to be a net decrease, rather than an increase in the country’s water resources, due to a number of factors including population growth, climate change, and exploitation of water.By international standards, Pakistan was already a water-scarce country in 1992 at 1700m3 available per capita, according to UNFPA/Ministry of Population Welfare.This means, a discussion in terms of head, middle and tail farmlands in irrigated areas; and in terms of water for survival, subsistence and pastoral livelihoods in non-irrigated areas.